Terrorism as a challenge for promotion of human security in Africa
A case study of Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province
Keywords:Human security, terrorism, protection, counterterrorism, Cabo Delgado
The increasingly transnational and multifaceted nature of terrorism calls for a strong multilateral response. States have the primary responsibility for protecting their populations from the threats posed by terrorism. At the same time, given the often cross-regional nature of the terrorist threat, mechanisms for effective cooperation are needed at the global and regional levels. To this end, the international, continental and regional organisations have an important role to play. Human security is relevant in understanding terrorism and counterterrorism approaches. Using Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province as a case study, this paper seeks to address how and why terrorism creates challenges in promoting human security in the province. The purpose of the paper is to assess the extent to which terrorism has real and direct impact on human security, with devastating consequences for the government and citizens. The paper argues that terrorism creates terror, a feeling of insecurity, and the idea that leaders can no longer protect those they lead. In addition to these individual costs, terrorism can destabilize governments, undermine civil society, jeopardize peace and security, and threaten social and economic development. The key issues to be appraised include discussion of the causes of conflict in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province, terrorism as a major threat to Human security in Cabo Delgado province, the international and regional interventions in the province and government intervention.